A minor is not required but is available in most subject areas. See the individual program sections for availability of a minor in a specific discipline. A minor normally requires the completion of six courses as specified by the regulations of individual programs, and a minimum average of C- (5.0) in all minor courses.* Courses completed to fulfill the major requirements cannot be counted toward a minor, but courses completed for other and option requirements under the major degree can be used to fulfill the minor requirements. [Courses offered by the Faculty of Engineering constitute major requirements for engineering students.] Courses counted toward a minor cannot be counted toward a second minor.
*Exception: The minor in Chemistry and Biochemistry requires an overall average of C+ or higher in all six courses with no individual course having a mark lower than a C-.