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Graduate Calendar
Spring 2009

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Course requirements for the Ph.D. and M.A.Sc. programs in Engineering Materials will be selected from the courses listed below and related courses in other programs. A student's course program will be formulated in consultation with the Graduate Studies Committee for Engineering Materials and requires approval of the research advisor and Chair of the Program Graduate Committee. Students will take no more than 2 of the 4 required courses from their supervisor(s).

All courses listed will not necessarily be offered in any given year.

89-501. Advanced Crystallography
Application of X-ray diffraction principles to the study of materials, application of Fourier series, single crystal techniques, studies of preferred orientation, imperfections. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-502. Phase Transformations
Phenomenological treatment of transformation processes; diffusion controlled and diffusionless (martensitic) transformations; application of thermodynamic and phenomenological rate laws to transformations: nucleation, recrystallization, precipitation, spinoidal decomposition, ordering, eutectoid decomposition, etc. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-505. Strengthening Mechanisms in Materials
Dislocation-particle interactions, strengthening by dislocation substructures, particle and fiber reinforcement, strong microstructures from the melt, strong microstructures from the solid. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-506. Microscopy of Materials
The theoretical and technical aspects of the study of microstructure and composition of materials, optical microscopy, electron microscopy (scanning and transmission) including electron diffraction and image analysis principles, electron microanalysis, x-ray topography, field-ion microscopy, relationship of observed microstructures to the macroscopic properties of materials. (2 lecture, 2 laboratory hours a week.)

89-507. Fracture Mechanics
The fracture mechanics approach to design; physical significance of fracture toughness; measurement of fracture mechanics parameters; non-destructive inspection techniques; principles of fracture-safe design; the relation between the microscopic and macroscopic aspects of plane-strain fracture; fracture of specific metallic and nonmetallic materials. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-510. Solidification Fundamentals
Fundamental principles of solidification theory including thermodynamics, kinetics, solid-liquid interface morphology and growth mechanics. Solidification mechanisms of pure metals. Heat flow phenomena in casting and crystal growth. Effect on solidification heat transfer of process variables, casting and mold properties, metal and mold temperatures. Students will apply the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics to materials processes such as casting and welding. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-511. Casting: Modeling and Simulation
Review of casting fundamentals. Techniques for mathematical model formulation. Development of general numerical method based on control volume finite difference scheme to predict mold filling, heat transfer, and solidification phenomena. Treatment of gates, runners, risers, and overflow. Mesh generation for full casting. Applications using commerical casting-simulation software. Students will apply their knowledge of engineering mathematics and transport phenomena to the processes of manufacturing light weight automotive components. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-512. Metal Casting Technology
Introduction and historical overview of casting. Casting processes, mould design and materials, metallurgical simulation. Metallurgical considerations, liquid metal treatment, heat treatment, casting defects and their prevention. Discussion of challenges faced by today's foundries. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-513. Tribology: Materials and Manufacturing Aspects
This course will prepare students to perform experimental and analytical work on the materials and manufacturing aspects of tribology. Fundamental equations of wear, wear testing methods; micromechanisms of wear, modeling of surface contacts, frictional heating during sliding contact; tribology of internal combustion engines, friction and wear during machining operations; wear control via surface coatings, coatings for cutting tools. (3 lecture hours a week.)

89-590. Special Topics in Materials
Selected advanced topics in the fields of engineered materials and materials Enginneering. (3 lecture hours a week.)

Current topics include:

Creep of Metals and Alloys
Microscopy of Materials II
Wear of Materials
Composite Materials
Fatigue of Metals and Alloys
Materials Degradation
Polymer Injection Molding
Thin Films and Coatings
Computational Contact Mechanics in Tribology

89-797. Thesis

89-798. Dissertation


Course requirements for the Ph.D., M.A.Sc. and M.Eng. programs in Mechanical Enginneering will be selected from the courses listed below and related courses in other programs. A student's course program will be formulated in consultation with the advisor and requires approval of the Graduate Studies Committee for Mechanical Engineering and the Chair of the Program Graduate Committee.

With the permission of the advisor and Department Head (and under consultation with the Graduate Coordinator), Mechanical Engineering courses with numbers greater than 449 only and related to the graduate field of study may be taken for graduate credit for students enrolled in the M.A.Sc. and M.Eng. programs. Not more than one undergraduate course (numbered greater than 449 only) shall count as credit towards the course requirements for the M.A.Sc. or M.Eng. degree. These courses are not available for course credit towards the Ph.D. degree.

In the case of M.Eng. students, the Chair of the Graduate Committee assumes the role of the advisor.

92-503. Turbulent Flow
General turbulence theories, wall turbulence and free turbulence. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-506. Thermal Systems Design
Advanced systems design requiring the application of economics, heat transfer, simulation and optimization. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-507. Experimental Techniques in Flow Measurements
A course covering the theory of flow and velocity measurement. Emphasis will be placed on hot wire instruments and turbulence measurements. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-509. Multiphase, Multicomponent Flows
A thorough treatment of the basic techniques for analyzing one-dimensional multi-phase, multicomponent flows in order to predict flow regimes, pressure drop, etc. Practical applications in fluidization, sedimentation and boiling heat transfer. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-516. Industrial and Motor Vehicle Noise
Hearing damage risk criteria and in-plant noise regulations; determination of permissible exposure levels due to continuous and intermittent noise. Measurement of machine noise and standard procedures. Fundamentals of noise control. Characteristics and levels of motor vehicle and traffic noise; motor vehicle noise control legislation and standard procedures for measurement. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-517. Automotive Applications for Noise, Vibration and Harshness Evaluation
This course introduces the automotive applications and tools for the evaluation of noise, vibration and harshness. It includes reviews of measurement techniques presently used in the automotive industry to measure various aspects of noise, including the concept of sound quality, vibration and the quantification of the term harshness. The course consists of a review of papers which are to be presented to the class. Participants perform critical reviews on the presentations. Three lecture hours per week. Course evaluation is based on weekly reports, presentations of reviews of papers and critical reviews by participants. (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-530. Combustion Engineering
An introductory graduate course on combustion engineering, covering a broad range of topics of importance to the field including chemical thermodynamics and kinetics, flames and combustion rates, and detonation of gaseous mixtures. The emphasis is on the understanding of the combustion processes involved in practical systems. (Antirequisite: 92-590-01.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-531. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
This course is concerned with the ability of using numerical methods to predict heat transfer, fluid flow and related processes. The course consists of an introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics, descriptions of the general governing differential equations, discretization methods for the differential equations, numerical simulation of conductive heat transfer, numerical treatment of convection and diffusion and calculations of flow fields. (Antirequisite: 92-590-02.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-532. Modeling of Thermo-fluid Systems
This course will cover the basic types of mathematical models that are used to describe Thermo-fluid systems. Lumped as well as distributed parameter models will be considered with analytical as well as numerical methods of solution. Modern solution tools such as Simulink, Maple, Fluent and Wave will be utilized whenever appropriate. The topics to be considered may include but are not limited to: two-phase flow, transient flow, turbulence, non-newtonian flow, boiling, evaporation, condensation and fluid-structure interaction. (Antirequisite: 92-590-07.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-533. Turbulent Reacting Flows
This course will cover the following topics: experimental investigation of flames, thermodynamics of combustion processes, transport phenomena, chemical kinetics, reactions mechanism, laminar premixed and diffusion flames, the Navier-Stokes equations for the reacting flows, turbulent premixed and non-premixed flames, low temperature oxidation and engine knock, and pollutants formation. (Antirequisite: 92-590-08.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-534. Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics
This course is intended to provide basic knowledge required to initiate research or applications in computational fluid dynamics. Topics include: numerical methods for model hyperbolic, parabolic and elliptic equations; analysis of difference schemes; numerical stability; explicit and implicit methods; artificial viscosity; linearization techniques; approximate factorization; preconditioning, iterative solutions, successive over-relaxation (SOR), successive line over-relaxation (SLOR), alternating direction implicit (ADI); two-dimensional structured grid generation; introduction to finite volume method. (Antirequisite: 62-577.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-535. Advanced Topics in Computational Fluid Dynamics
This course is a continuation of 92-534. Advanced topics in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) will be discussed, including: structured and unstructured grid generation on surfaces and three-dimensional; Navier-Stokes and Euler solvers; applications of finite volume method; turbulence modeling; current issues in CFD. Students will carry out project work using one or more commercial CFD packages.(Prerequisite: 92-534.) (Antirequisite: 62-587.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-536. Fundamentals Of Clean Engine Technology
This course focusses on the understanding of fuel properties, combustion processes, exhaust emissions, and pollution prevention in diesel and other lean-burn IC engines. Introduction to Stirling and other external combustion engines.

92-540. Applied Finite Element Analysis
This course focuses on the modeling aspects of the finite element method using three well known commercial Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software packages known as DYNA, IDEAS and ANSYS. A variety of stress analysis problems in two and three dimensions are studied and the accuracy of the simulations are assessed through comparison with available theoretical and experimental results. Both static and dynamic situations are covered. The students are expected to prepare a final report summarizing their work and an oral presentation. (Antirequisite: 92-590-03.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-541. Introduction to Vibration Measurement and Modal Analysis
This course is concerned with basic concepts of modal theory, basic modal parameter analysis, single degree of freedom methods, introduction to frequency response functions, general modal analysis and multiple degree of freedom and global methods. The accuracy of Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) and windowing, FFT analysis options, zoom, coherence and quality assessment, relationship to finite element modeling will also be considered. In addition, basic measurement techniques, calibration techniques, transient and steady state excitation techniques, general frequency response function interpretation, case study (laboratory experiment) and validation of measured and analyzed data are studied. (Antirequisite: 92-590-04) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-542. Advanced Topics in Mechanical Design
The topics discussed in the course will be selected from the following: design and analysis of mechanical details such as welded and bonded joints, minimum constraint design, fluid power systems, mobile hydraulic systems, project planning, optimization, decision making methodology, ISO/QS9000 quality methods, concurrent engineering, design reports, design reviews, design for manufacture and assembly, design for quality, configuration design, design for minimum cost, parametric design, developing size ranges for families of products, geometric dimensioning and tolerancing, Taguchi methods, manufacturability and serviceability considerations and product warranties. (Antirequisite: 92-590-05.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-543. Product Design and Development
This course covers the process of new product creation including topics selected from: the product development team; the product development cycle; conceptual development; models including technology push products; platform products; process-intensive products and customized products; needs analysis - identifying the customer and their needs; establishing product specifications; concept generation; concept selection; product architecture; industrial design and ergonomics; prototyping; economics of the development process and project management. (Antirequisite: 92-590-06.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-544. Finite Element Methods for Crashworthiness and Impact Analysis
The topics include a brief history on the use of numerical tools in automotive/impact field, Explicit and Implicit time integration techniques, Shell and Solid finite element formulations for impact analyses - advantages and disadvantages, Zero Energy Modes (Hourglassing) and Hourglass control, Material modeling for large displacement problems, Finite element modeling for contact, Mesh Adaptivity, Arbitrary Lagrangian and Eulerian Meshes for large deformation problems, Use of implicit integration techniques for impact problems, Quasistatic simulations as well as the development of finite element models for impact analyses. (Antirequisite: 92-590-12.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-545. Automotive Control Systems
This course will address advanced control design techniques for automotive systems. The interdisciplinary goal of this course is to present the application of control system design to engine operation and vehicle mechanics as well as the approaches for parameter/model identification and estimation of automotive systems. For graduate students in electrical engineering, this course will make it possible for them to access automotive models and to understand engine dynamics, both for the purposes of applying control design techniques. For graduate students in mechanical engineering, this course will provide a chance for them to learn how to apply advanced control design strategies to automotive systems. It is expected that, after taking this course, graduate students from both engineering fields will be able to address automotive control problems from interdisciplinary point of views and to complement expertise in their own areas. (Prerequisite: 92-412.) (Antirequisite: 92-590-22) (Cross-listed with 88-536.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

92-590. Directed Special Studies
A special course of studies with content and direction approved by the student's chief advisor. Although there may not be formal lectures, the course will carry the weight of three lecture hours.

92-593. Introduction to Finite Element Analysis
This course covers the fundamentals of the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) with emphasis on solid mechanics and stress analysis. The subject of finite elements is treated using variational principles such as the principle of virtual work and total potential energy. The course deals with a variety of structural components such as springs, axially loaded bars, beams under bending, two-dimensional/axially symmetric/three-dimensional continuum elements and their formulation is static and dynamic analysis. In addition to three hours of lecture, a two-hour computer lab is mandatory where the students use different commercial FEA software. (Antirequisite: 62-593) (3 lecture hours a week and 2 laboratory hours a week.)

92-595. Graduate Seminar
Presentations by graduate students, staff, and visiting scientists on current research topics. Graduate students are required to register and give a presentation in the semester prior to thesis defence. All graduate students are expected to attend each and every seminar and no less than 75% of all seminars. This course will be graded on a PASS/FAIL basis. (1 lecture hour a week.)

92-796. Major Paper

92-797. Thesis

92-798. Dissertation


85-500. Special Topics in Automotive Engineering
Selected advanced topics in the field of automotive engineering.

85-511. Bluff Body Aerodynamics
Atmospheric boundary layers. Flow around bluff bodies, separation and wakes. Lift and drag, pressure and force coefficients. Streamlined bodies, bluff bodies. Flow over flat plates and walls, rectangular prismatic shapes, circular cylinders. Fluctuating forces and pressures on bluff bodies. Wind tunnel testing, similarity requirements, wind tunnel techniques. Vehicle aerodynamics, drag and lift of passenger cars, cross wind stability, wind tunnel and road testing. Architectural aerodynamics, design wind speed, flow in and around building, wind-induced response of low-rise buildings, tall buildings, and large roof and sports stadium. Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines. (Pre-requisite: Undergraduate level Engineering Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics.)

85-529. Automotive Paint and Industrial Coatings
This course covers: functionality and application methods of automotive coating layers, concepts in polymer chemistry and suspensions, automotive coatings formulation, application of coatings by dip and spray processes, curing of coatings after application, appearance measurement and durability testing. Concepts of adhesion, corrosion resistance and surface pretreatment will also be covered. Powder coating and coating plastics. Each student will complete a literature review of a topic in coatings. (Anti-requisite: 93-590 Pollution Prevention in Manufacturing.)

85-591. Engineering Venture Formation
Designed for students who choose entrepreneurship as a career option, this course is an in-depth study of the process of drawing the blueprints for a new enterprise including: developing business ideas, developing business concepts, conducting feasibility studies, choosing a legal form or business, writing business plans, identifying and approaching sources of money, raising funds, and putting together a package of resources to start an enterprise. (Anti-requisites: 75-491.)