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Undergraduate Calendar
Winter 2009

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For course descriptions in Physical Geography (67-), see Earth Sciences.

Not all courses listed will necessarily be offered each year.

42-131. Introduction to Cultural Geography
An examination of social and cultural systems as they affect the relationship of humankind to the environment, with a special focus on world population dynamics and patterns of food supplies and nutrition, spatial patterns of religions, languages, and ethnicity at national and international levels. (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-200. Introductory Resource Management
Basic concepts pertaining to natural resources, the impact of their use on the ecosystem, and the problems in their management. Emphasis will be placed on the growing demand for resources, the functional interaction between human society and its physical environment, and the spatial patterns of resource use and ecological impact. (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-231. Intermediate Statistics
After a review of univariate and bivariate statistical methods, an introduction to multivariate statistics for geographers and planners. Computer analysis of selected geographical data sets. (Also offered as Sociology 48-308 and Planning 50-231.) (Prerequisite; 02-250 or equivalent.) (2 lecture, 2 laboratory hours a week.)

42-249. Political Economy of Agrictulture and Food
Study of the physical, cultural, economic, and political factors influencing the spatial patterns and regional problems of world agriculture. (3 lecture hours a week.) (Also offered in Political Science 45-249.)

42-312. Political Geography of Russia and the Former Soviet
An overview of the physical, cultural, historical, and political forces shaping the region and aspects of internal and international politics in the region. (Also offered as Political Science 45-237.) (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-313. Economic Geography of Russia and the Former Soviet
An overview of the geographical characteristics and government policies that shaped the centrally-planned economy of the former U.S.S.R. and problems of restructuring in the post-Soviet period. (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-315. Geography of Western Europe
An overview of the physical, historical, economic, and political forces that shape Western Europe. (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-361. Introduction to African Development
A multidisciplinary course introducing students to developmental issues currently confronting African countries and peoples, focusing on the sub-Saharan region. Using a sectoral approach, including health, education, agriculture, and the environment, the course reviews multiple and conflicting approaches to development and addresses both the potentials and the barriers associated with them. (Also offered as Sociology 48-325 and Anthropology 49-325.)

42-392. Urban Systems
Urbanism as a progenitor of economic change is examined from various theoretical perspectives and selected case studies. (3 lecture hours a week.)

42-450. Advanced Topics in Geography
Directed readings and research on a topic selected in consultation with instructor. (2 lecture hours a week.) (Also offered as Planning 50-490.) (Credit may be obtained for only one of 42-450 or 50-450.)

42-491. Geography Research Projects
Guided research based on primary and secondary sources on a research project. (Prerequisite: 50-490.) (Compulsory for four-year Honours, make-up, or special students.) (Also offered as Planning 50-491.)